The selection of microbial communities by constant or fluctuating temperatures

first_imgThe diversity of bacterial communities isolated from Antarctic lake sediment in chemostats under constant low temperature (8°C) or diurnally fluctuating temperature (1°C to 16°C) was examined. The median optimum temperature for growth of the freshwater bacteria isolated from the fluctuation chemostat was significantly lower (P < 1%) than that for those from the constant temperature chemostat. The diversity of the enriched bacterial community isolated in the chemostat culture subjected to short‐term temperature fluctuations was greater than that enriched under constant temperature. At least 4 different groups of bacteria, that occupied separate ‘temperature niches’, were isolated from the fluctuating chemostat compared to only one group isolated from the stable chemostat. Furthermore, a pseudomonad from the fluctuating chemostat was shown to out‐compete another pseudomonad from the stable chemostat when both were subjected to the fluctuating temperature regime. However, the pseudomonad of constant (8°C) temperature origin out‐competed that isolated under fluctuating conditions when subjected to a stable temperature regime.last_img

Congregation dons raise reform concerns

first_imgControversial measures to reform the way the University is run were the subject of a heated discussion at a meet­ing of Congregation, the University’s governing body, on Wednesday.The proposals were part of a green paper, published in May, which highlighted flaws in the University’s existing struc­ture. Many of the concerns raised were due to recent financial and IT management problems. Susan Cooper, a Physics professor who spoke at the meeting, called these “major problems … [which] require urgent attention.”The suggested changes were amended after initial criticism from academics over the role of external observers in the process. The paper originally called for the establishment of a Board of Trustees, composed entirely of ‘external mem­bers’: people who, though alumni, are not part of the University. In the latest version, this was changed to a council composed of seven internal and seven external members, with the Chancellor of the University, Lord Patten, as Chair­man. After five years, an additional external member would be added, and one of the external members would then chair.This proposal has attracted criticism due to the apparent removal of power from Congregation. Nicholas Bamforth, an opponent of the scheme, warned that it would “concentrate power in the hands of the Vice-Chancellor and Pro Vice-Chancellors, without checks or balances.” He has also raised concerns that Congregation’s “sovereignty” would become “a nominal feature of the system”.Along with Cooper and another don, Gavin Williams, Bamforth put forward an alternative proposal which advocated adopting reforms which have recently achieved success at Cambridge.The counter-proposal rejects the plans for the involvement of external members, and instead calls for the establishment of a Board of Scrutiny: an internal body which would act in an advisory capacity and call upon external experts when necessary.They also emphasised the importance of greater transparency in dealings with the Congregation. In her speech, Cooper stated, “Council papers are now classified as either strictly confidential or confidential; there is no third category. The climate of secrecy must be broken.”Many dons, however, supported the proposals. In particular, the need for external input was strongly defended. David Noble, a proponent of the green paper’s proposals, stated, “If we have not learnt over the last two decades that we need powerful friends, with no conflict of interest, to fight on our behalf in the narrow corridors of financial and political influence then we have missed out on one of the major reasons for our failure to stop the slide towards a loss-making enterprise.”Currently, the University is governed by Congregation but the day-to-day business of the institution is dealt with by the Council, an executive body set up in 2000.Council delegates responsi­bility to various committees. Under the proposed scheme, Council would be split up into two bodies, one governing financial and administrative matters and the other academic affairs. Before the governance changes in 2000, the University’s executive was formed of the Hebdomadal (weekly) Council, which had existed from 1854, and the General Board of the Faculties.ARCHIVE: 4th week MT 2005last_img

Oxford Professor of Poetry knighted

first_imgGeoffrey Hill, Oxford’s Professor of Poetry, has received a knighthood for services to literature in the New Year’s Honours List.Professor Hill, who has been described as the “greatest living poet writing in the English language,’ has produced more than fifteen volumes of celebrated poetry, including the acclaimed King Log and Speech! Speech!, in a career spanning over fifty years. Hill has also written four volumes of influential literary criticism. In June 2010, he became the 44th occupant of one of the most distinguished literary chairs in existence, Oxford’s Professor of Poetry, succeeding Christopher Ricks in a line of incumbents that includes Matthew Arnold, W. H. Auden, Robert Graves and Seamus Heaney. A record 2,500 votes were cast in the election, of which Hill secured the overwhelming majority – more than three times than that of his nearest rival, Michael Horovitz.Dr. Peter McDonald, Christ Church Tutor, literary critic and editor of Geoffrey Hill: Essays on His Later Work, spoke to Cherwell of the importance of the honour, commenting, “Geoffrey Hill has been for a very long time now the best poet writing in English; in my view, he is also a poet of permanent importance, whose work certainly ranks alongside that of Yeats and Eliot in power, memorability, and originality. Three such poets in a hundred years are all any culture can reasonably expect.“The knighthood is right and proper as an expression of national pride, though it must be added that the British poetry world has seldom been inclined to take any particular pride in Hill’s achievements: this reflects badly on that little world, but will be of no consequence in the longer term. Oxford’s securing Sir Geoffrey’s services as Professor of Poetry will I think come to be seen as a great triumph for our University.”Dr Seamus Perry, Lecturer and Deputy Chair of Oxford’s English Faculty Board, also sang Hill’s praises. He said, “This is a wonderfully fitting tribute from the Crown to England’s greatest living poet. For more than half a century Hill’s works have meditated upon the history and politics of these islands with an unrivalled imaginative tenacity and a fiercely engaged moral intelligence that is wholly unique: this recognition is thoroughly deserved. I hope he gets the Nobel next.”Dr. Daniel Tyler, English tutor at Lincoln, was “delighted” by the honour, telling Cherwell, “It is good news that such a fine poet has been recognised in this way. Although best known for his poetry, Geoffrey Hill is also a literary critic of the highest order – as all those of us who have enjoyed his stimulating lectures as Professor of Poetry can attest. In all his writing, he strives for precision of thought and expression rather than popular appeal, but if the award of this honour brings his writing to the considered attention of a larger body of readers, then it will have done a good thing.”One English student at Corpus Christi acknowledged, “As a poet who is not only current but also connected into both the academic and composition sides of the art, Geoffrey Hill is a clear candidate to represent the profession.”The New Year’s Honours List had a strong literary presence this year. Novelist and Oxford graduate Penelope Lively became a Dame, whilst Australian writer Clive James and author Rachel Billington were awarded CBEs. Diarmaid MacCulloch, Oxford’s Professor of the History of the Church, also received a knighthood in recognition of his services to scholarship.Sir Geoffrey Hill is a fellow of Keble College, Oxford. His latest work, Clavics, is shortlisted for the Forward Prize for Poetry 2011. Since June 2007, he has completed five new collections of poems, scheduled for publication by Oxford University Press in 2013. In 2009 his Collected Critical Writings won the Truman Capote Award for Literary Criticism, the largest annual cash prize in English-language literary criticism.last_img

USI To Host Seventh Annual Law Day

first_imgThe University of Southern Indiana will host the seventh annual Law Day beginning at 1 p.m. Wednesday, March 29 in Carter Hall in University Center West. Law Day is an excellent chance to witness our state government in action.The Court of Appeals of Indiana will hear oral arguments in the case of Melvin Wolfe v. State at 1 p.m. in Carter Hall. The case concerns a dispute over a battery charge. During the bench trial, Wolf claimed self-defense. The trial court found him guilty and sentenced him to six months, suspended to probation. Wolf argues the State did not refute his self-defense claim.  He claims the trial court erred in finding the fact he called the other party names constituted provocation. The State counters the trial court was presented with sufficient evidence to find Wolf guilty.In addition to the oral arguments, USI’s Law Day will feature keynote speaker Dr. Stephen L. Wasby who will present, “After Scalia, Now What?” at 7 p.m. in Carter Hall. Wasby’s lecture promises not only to be illuminating, but timely, as the Supreme Court has remained the object of a prolonged political stalemate.Wasby received a bachelor’s degree from Antioch College and his master’s and doctorate from the University of Oregon. He was a faculty member at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale before moving to the University of Albany- SUNY where he is now professor emeritus of political science. Wasby’s research interests focus primarily on the federal courts, and he continues a long-term project on decision-making in the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. He is the author of a number of books, as well as articles in social science journals and law reviews. He has served as chairman of the Zoning Board of Appeals of the Town of Eastham. Massachusetts, and as director of the National Railway Historical Society’s Heritage Grants Program.For more information please contact, Dr. Nick LaRowe, associate professor of polical science and Pre-Law coordinator, at [email protected] or 812-464-1727.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img

NA in a social whirl

first_imgAt the National Associa-tion of Master Bakers (NA) conference, held at the May Bank Holiday weekend, in Stratford-upon-Avon, social events played an important part.The Neil Houliston memorial cup was presented in memory of Keith Houliston’s son Neil, who tragically died in a car crash on Christmas Day this last December. It was won by Martin Houliston, another son, who triumphed at the competition which took place earlier in the day at the 18-hole Warwickshire golf club. Keith, who works for Bakels, handed the cup over to Martin, who is the new business development executive for Bako Northern. Keith Houliston told British Baker: “I am delighted that Martin won and also that he has joined the industry, working with Bako.” Since Neil’s death Keith has participated in courses with the police and fire brigade to educate youngsters about the importance of wearing seatbelts. He has also appeared on local BBC and ITV programmes.Special certificatePast president of the NA, Henry Jefferies, presented Babs Waring with a special certificate honouring her husband Sid Waring’s lifetime ser-vice and support to the NA. Sid, who died late last November, had been a past president of the Berks and Oxford associations, as well as LASER. One of his daughters, Janet Carr, runs the craft business – with shops in and around Reading – and also sits on the NA board.The weekend conference also included a banquet, a fancy dress buffet with a Caribbean theme and a cruise on the River Avon.last_img

Kingsmill loses market share

first_imgAllied Bakeries’ market share for its Kingsmill brand has reduced in every region of the UK over the last year, according to new market research compiled by Warburtons.Warburtons’ Bakery Review 2006 report, which uses data from sources including AC Nielsen and TNS, divides the UK into 10 regions.The Kingsmill brand is strongest in London, where it had a 26.2% share of the market for the year to July 2006. But that is down from 27.4% the previous year.In the east of England, Kingsmill’s second biggest region, it has dropped from 25.9% to 23.8% market share and in the south-east it has dropped from 25% to 21.1% year on year.The report states that the Warburtons’ brand is strongest in five of the 10 regions of the UK, and Hovis strongest in the other five.last_img

CANR grants

first_imgThe Center for Applied Nursery Research, directed by the University of Georgia, Auburn University, University of Tennessee and University of Florida, announces its latest round of research funding. The 2010-11 grants supporting 10 research projects are part of its mission to generate information to keep growers in Georgia and the Southeast on the cutting edge of horticulture research.“This year has been the most competitive grant year on record as CANR received 21 applications for funding from seven universities from Oregon to Florida,” said CANR director Brian Jernigan.Funding awarded for the following universities and projects totaled $25,000:• Dr. Mark Czarnota, University of Georgia: Liverwort control in nursery liners for containerized ornamentals, and weed control in nursery liners.• Dr. Glenn Fain, Tyler Weldon, Dr. Jeff Sibley and Dr. Charles Gilliam, Auburn University: Processed corncob as an alternative to perlite in the production of greenhouse crops.• Dr. Amy Fulcher and Dr. Bill Klingeman, University of Tennessee: Evaluation of the effect of systemic and contact insecticides on natural enemy populations in a woody plant production system—implications for enhanced conservation biological control.• Dr. Gary Knox, University of Florida: Non-invasive cultivars for the green industry.• Dr. D. Scott NeSmith, UGA: Evaluation of elite selections from the UGA blueberry breeding program as edible landscape plants.• Dr. John M. Ruter, UGA: Developing sterile plants for the nursery industry and development of Lagerstroemia subcostata as a new ornamental crop.• Dr. Marc van Iersel, Lucas O’Meara and Dr. Matthew Chappell, UGA: Quantifying water requirements of hydrangea and gardenia.• Sheryl Wells, Chappell and Leticia Sonon, UGA: Relationship between irrigation and leaching of nutrients in container production.• Dr. Jean Williams-Woodward, UGA: Fungicide resistance in Pythium and Phytophthora isolates from Georgia nurseries and greenhouses.In addition to research funding, CANR holds an annual open house where researchers present results of completed projects to members of the horticulture industry. The 2011 CANR Open House will be held Friday, Jan. 28 from 8 a.m. to 10 a.m. at the Gwinnett Civic Center in Duluth, Ga., in conjunction with the Georgia Green Industry Association WinterGreen Conference.For more information, visit www.canr.org or view the GGIA WinterGreen Conference attendee brochure at www.ggia.org.CANR is a non-profit organization that provides a managed facility and funding for ornamental horticulture research based on grower needs and conducted under commercial growing conditions. Research projects focus on agricultural engineering, environment and plant microclimate monitoring, entomology, plant pathology, soil science, horticulture, plant breeding and evaluation, new product evaluation, propagation and water management.last_img

FoneDrop limitless phone case ecosystem protects, mounts, and recharges your smartphone » Gadget Flow

first_img– Advertisement – The FoneDrop limitless phone case ecosystem protects, mounts, and charges your smartphone all in one. The collection includes the POGO Case, POGO Cable, POGO Car-S, and POGO Mount-T. The dual-layer shockproof Case incorporates a magnetic system, wirelessly charging your phone when you dock it on the Cable. As for the self-adhesive Cable, stick it anywhere: in your car, on your nightstand, or on your desk. The Mount-T has a telescopic adjustable arm, and the Car-S holds your phone in your vehicle. This ecosystem works with a range of Apple, Samsung, and Huawei smartphones, and it’s likely to work with even more devices in the future. Better than induction technology, POGO technology offers wireless recharging, works with both Fast Charge and Quick Charge, and lets you transfer data. That means you can use Android Auto or Apple CarPlay while in your vehicle. This limitless phone case ecosystem does it all.last_img

Some good COVID-19-related news you might have missed

first_imgHelp for medical workers is on the wayAmid the shortage of personal protective equipment, Indonesian fashion designers took the initiative to create protective suits for medical workers, including renowned kebaya (traditional Indonesian blouse) designer Anne Avantie and fashion designer Didiet Maulana. Meanwhile, the Jakarta administration has provided special accommodations for doctors and nurses to support them in the fight against COVID-19.A total of 220 rooms with 414 beds have been prepared for medical workers in the Grand Cempaka Business Hotel managed by city-owned enterprise PT Jakarta Tourisindo (Jaktour).Students and start-ups produce testing kits, disinfection chamberStudents of Brawijaya University in Malang, East Java, have designed a disinfection chamber to help prevent the spread of COVID-19 in the area, which authorities have declared to be vulnerable to an outbreak.The device, called Sikat Corona (corona scrubber) or SiCo, is a 2-meter-high, 1-m-wide chamber covered by transparent material and equipped with a nozzle to spray disinfectant.Meanwhile, start-up Nusantics is preparing to make 100,000 COVID-19 test kits. East Venture, the most active early-stage venture capital firm in Indonesia, provided an undisclosed amount of seed money to the start-up on March 20 to support production.Indonesian performers to entertain quarantined residentsIndonesian celebrities and musicians are scheduled to perform and share their knowledge online on YouTube on March 30-31.To be aired on the Budaya Saya channel, the event is part of the #bahagiadirumah (happy at home) campaign initiated by the Culture Directorate General of the Education and Culture Ministry. The event can also be watched later.The #bahagiadirumah campaign itself aims to be a platform for Indonesian performers and musicians to stay productive amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The government has enacted new policies to help laid-off workers, low-income families and small businesses as the economy slowsTo protect the economy from the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, the government has decided to speed up the disbursement of training funds for workers through the preemployment card program, as well as increase the allowance provided to low-income families.The government also plans to provide financial incentives for medical workers, micro and small business, as well as workers in informal sectors. Topics : Amid the climbing number of COVID-19 cases and rising death toll in Indonesia, it is easy to miss the more encouraging developments in the country’s fight against the pandemic.The Jakarta Post has compiled some good news to provide a dose of optimism amid the bleak outlook: Ordinary Indonesians have donated over US$1 million for the fight against COVID-19Crowdfunding platform Kitabisa has seen a surge in fundraising campaigns for COVID-19 mitigation since early March, said Kitabisa spokesperson Fara Devara.As of Monday, the site has 513 related campaigns initiated by public figures, NGOs and members of the general public, with total donations amounting to Rp 24 billion ($1.4 million).“Every fundraising campaign has a different target. The #SalingJaga community movement, for example, has managed to raise over Rp 1.2 billion of its Rp 2 billion target,” Fara told the Post on Monday.last_img

City in China’s Inner Mongolia warns after suspected bubonic plague case

first_imgSunday’s warning follows four reported cases of plague in people from Inner Mongolia last November, including two of pneumonic plague, a deadlier variant of plague.The bubonic plague, known as the “Black Death” in the Middle Ages, is a highly infectious and often fatal disease that is spread mostly by rodents.Plague cases are not uncommon in China, but outbreaks have become increasingly rare. From 2009 to 2018, China reported 26 cases and 11 deaths. Topics : Authorities in a city in the Chinese region of Inner Mongolia issued a warning on Sunday, one day after a hospital reported a case of suspected bubonic plague.The health committee of the city of Bayan Nur issued the third-level alert, the second lowest in a four-level system.The alert forbids the hunting and eating of animals that could carry plague and asks the public to report any suspected cases of plague or fever with no clear causes, and to report any sick or dead marmots.last_img