E-Cigarettes: The Health Risks of Vaping

first_imgNBC News 14 November 2017Family First Comment: Has the Ministry of Health really done their research when they promote e-cigarettes, and do we want them being stocked in supermarkets? “E-cigarette usage has been increasing among teens over the past five years, and flavouring is a huge appeal, with a 2016 study finding that some adolescents perceive the fruit flavoured e-cigarettes to be less harmful than those that are tobacco-flavoured. The tobacco industry wants people to start young and knows that what really attracts them are sweet and fruity flavours. If all that were available was bitter tobacco that could be revolting.”The tobacco industry has been forced to fess up about the dangers of smoking by slapping grisly warnings on cigarette packs, but it hasn’t yet been cornered into giving such disclaimers on e-cigarettes and other vaping products. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), American youth are now more likely to use e-cigarettes than any other form of tobacco.In 2016, more than two million middle and high school students used e-cigarettes each month.There’s a perception that e-cigarettes are harmless. And while vaping is less harmful than smoking regular cigarettes, these products don’t come without risks. E-cigarettes are fairly new and we’re still learning about their long-term effects, but some of science is clear, and some of it is emerging over time. Here are four health risks worth noting:1. MOST E-CIGARETTES CONTAIN NICOTINE, THE SAME DRUG FOUND IN CIGARETTESNicotine has known damaging effects: It’s additive, toxic to developing fetuses  and can harm brain development in children and young adults up to the age of 20.2. E-CIGARETTE AEROSOL CAN HARM THE BODYThe substance that e-cigarette users breathe in and exhale can contain harmful and potentially harmful substances like nicotine, chemicals and heavy metals. Because these products aren’t regulated, it’s impossible to know what’s in an e-cigarette.A recent study, conducted by UNC School of Medicine and published in the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, found that not only do e-cigarettes trigger the same immune responses that normal cigarettes do; they spur unique immune responses, too. It comes down to how our bodies process foreign substances.Dr. Pushan Jani, a pulmonologist at Memorial Hermann-Texas Medical Center and UTHealth, explains that when our lungs sense something not quite right is going on, our immune system rushes in to attack.“Common sense would tell you [that vaping] leads to inflammation within the lung,” says Dr. Cedric “Jamie“ Rutland, a pulmonary and critical care physician and assistant clinical professor at University of California at Riverside School of Medicine. This reaction can happen “even if you’re smoking just pure water vapor with no nicotine,” says Jani.3. E-CIGARETTES CAN CAUSE INJURIESIt doesn’t happen very often, but e-cigarette batteries have malfunctioned, causing burns on hands and face and other bodily injuries, some as recently as last year. Also, children and adults have been poisoned by swallowing, breathing or absorbing e-cigarette liquid through their skin or eyes, according to the CDC.4. FLAVORINGS CAN TARGET THE VERY YOUNG“The flavoring industry is huge and these are chemicals that are known to have reasonable safety when eaten and exposed to the GI tract, but the lungs are very different,” says Dr. Robert Jackler, chair of otolaryngology and a professor of otorhinolaryngology at Stanford. “We know in certain industrial settings where people are producing them, they’re quite dangerous to breathe in.”But unknown health risks aren’t the only reason Dr. Jackler takes issue with the flavoring of e-cigarettes, he’s also troubled because he understands that part of the tobacco industry’s purpose in advertising fun flavors is to draw in young people.E-cigarette usage has been increasing among teens over the past five years, and flavoring is a huge appeal, with a 2016 study finding that some adolescents perceive the fruit flavored e-cigarettes to be less harmful than those that are tobacco-flavored. “The tobacco industry wants people to start young and knows that what really attracts them are sweet and fruity flavors,” says Jackler. “If all that were available was bitter tobacco that could be revolting.”The American Lung Association (ALA) has been keeping a close eye on the teenage attraction to vaping and is campaigning for the same federal regulations for e-cigarettes that exist for other tobacco products. “We’re trying hard to encourage the FDA to promulgate regulations of vaping,” says Norman H. Edelman senior scientific advisor at the ALA. “Right now it’s all local jurisdiction.”WHAT ABOUT E-CIGARETTES FOR SMOKING CESSATION?If you’re tempted to make the switch from regular cigarettes, know this: e-cigarettes are not currently approved by the FDA read more

Dodgers rally against Pirates, then dodge a bullet in home win

first_imgKenley Jansen, who pitched the final inning to record his ninth save, is a more vocal advocate of Baez than Baez is himself. He called the eighth inning Saturday “impressive” and “amazing.” He wore an expression of joy on his teammate’s behalf.“Petey, his personality, it doesn’t matter what people think of him,” Jansen said. “He’s here for one thing: to help us win ballgames.”Max Muncy and Alex Verdugo each went 2 for 4. Neither side hit a home run beneath a thick marine layer. That ended the Dodgers’ MLB-record streak of 33 consecutive home games with a homer, which began last August.The win allowed the Dodgers (17-11) to maintain a half-game lead over the San Diego Padres (16-11) in the National League West. A win Sunday would allow them to record their second consecutive series sweep at home.Clayton Kershaw (1-0) continued his strong start to 2019, allowing four hits and one run in seven innings. He did not walk a batter and struck out eight.Kershaw retired the first six Pirates in order, then allowed a single to Pablo Reyes to begin the third inning. A one-out bunt sent Reyes to second base. Kershaw got ahead of Adam Frazier 1-and-2, then hung a slider. Frazier, the left-handed hitting second baseman, poked a single down the third-base line and into left field. Reyes scored easily, giving Pittsburgh a 1-0 lead.When Kershaw got Jung Ho Kang to ground out to end the fourth inning, it began a new streak of 12 consecutive batters retired.“The (start) before this one was a little bit rockier – not strong or weak, a little more inconsistent,” Kershaw said. “Felt good tonight. Just build off this one.”In the second inning, Kershaw gave the crowd a brief scare when he slid foot-first to beat Brian Reynolds in a footrace to the bag. Reynolds went airborne. Kershaw dirtied his pant legs but came away unscathed. He was also struck in the foot by a comebacker in the sixth inning, but walked away from that one too.Pirates starter Joe Musgrove (1-2), owner of the second-lowest earned-run average in the National League, was a wizard. He danced around a menagerie of hard contact for six innings, and was one out away from ending the seventh with the score tied 1-1.But with Austin Barnes on first base and Verdugo on third, Pederson launched the first pitch he saw into the right-center field gap. The bases-clearing triple was his only hit of the night.“He really had his good stuff tonight,” Pederson said of Musgrove. “He was locating really well. I was able to capitalize late in the game on a pitch that was over the plate.”The Dodgers will have to make a roster move Sunday to accommodate the return of starting pitcher Rich Hill. Someone will draw the short straw of an assignment to the minor leagues or a trip to the injured list, but it almost certainly won’t be Baez.For the first time in a while, that ought to be OK with fans.“He’s really grown,” Roberts said of Baez. “Over the last few years I’ve put him in some of the toughest leverage spots for any reliever, and he’s overcome a lot. He’s a guy I’ve counted on – we’ve counted on – for the last few years. This year he’s just really dialed in to who he is as a major league pitcher and his strengths, hitter’s weaknesses. No moment is too big for Pedro.” Pittsburgh got a leadoff walk from Cole Tucker, a two-strike single from Gregory Polanco, and a five-pitch walk from Adam Frazier. It was the second time Ferguson failed to retire a batter in his last nine outings, something he’d never done in 33 appearances to begin his career.Enter Baez, who has effectively turned his 2019 season into a second career reinvention.Signed as a third baseman out of the Dominican Republic, Baez did not reach the major leagues until he accepted his destiny as a pitcher. For five years he bullied hitters with an upper-90s fastball and not much else. Baez’s reliance on the pitch allowed him to become predictable, often in big moments. Though he began the day with a respectable 3.07 earned-run average over parts of six seasons, he was 0 for 10 in save opportunities.This year Baez has relied less on his fastball than ever. He threw 10 pitches Saturday: five fastballs and five changeups. Melky Cabrera flew out to shallow left field on the first pitch he saw. Colin Moran hit an infield fly that dropped in front of third baseman Justin Turner, by rule, without consequence. Josh Bell flailed at a 97-mph heater at his chest. The inning was over.“I’ve always had my secondary pitches,” Baez said. “I’ve just maybe didn’t have the confidence in them. It started coming late last year, and maybe that’s why the success has been here.” Newsroom GuidelinesNews TipsContact UsReport an Errorcenter_img PreviousLos Angeles Dodgers starting pitcher Clayton Kershaw throws to the Pittsburgh Pirates during the first inning of a baseball game Saturday, April 27, 2019, in Los Angeles. (AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez)Pittsburgh read more